Preprints
https://doi.org/10.5194/sp-2023-37
https://doi.org/10.5194/sp-2023-37
09 Jan 2024
 | 09 Jan 2024
Status: a revised version of this preprint was accepted for the journal SP and is expected to appear here in due course.

Sea Level Rise in Europe: Governance Context and Challenges

Alexander Bisaro, Giulia Galluccio, Elisa Fiorini Beckhauser, Claudia Romagnoli, Sadie McEvoy, Eugenio Sini, Fulvio Biddau, Ruben David, Floortje d’Hont, Gonéri Le Cozannet, Begoña Pérez Gómez, Antonio Góngora Zurro, and Jill Slinger

Abstract. Sea-level rise (SLR) will affect Europe’s coasts over the coming decades and beyond giving rise to challenges for governing coastal and marine areas. Progress is being made in adapting to and addressing these challenges at both national and sub-national levels across all major European sea basins. This chapter assesses progress in coastal adaptation governance in Europe by, first, characterizing the socio-economic and political contexts in European sea basins, and then reviewing coastal adaptation relevant policy frameworks in place at regional and national levels within each of these sea basins. Regional frameworks reviewed consist in Regional Sea Conventions and are assessed for their legal status and their inclusion of SLR information. National coastal policy frameworks reviewed include national adaptation plans focusing on coastal areas and marine spatial planning instruments for all European member states, as well as public financing arrangements for coastal adaptation, focusing on flood risk reduction measures. Key national policies for coastal adaptation are assessed for which coastal hazards they address, the extent to which they incorporate sea-level rise information, and their inclusion of SLR specific adaptation measures. Finally, the chapter presents governance challenges that arise due to the complexity of adaptation to SLR, i.e., time horizon and uncertainty, cross-scale and cross-domain coordination, and equity and social vulnerability, and discusses examples illustrating how each of these challenges are being addressed in different European sea basins. The chapter finds that for across all basins, regional policy frameworks generally do not include specific provisions for SLR or coastal adaptation, while at the national level, significant progress on SLR governance is being made. For all basins except for the Black Sea, all countries have reported observed and future SLR hazards, and have adopted adaptation strategies. The inclusion of adaptation measures specific to SLR is less advanced, as most sea basins have at least one country that does not include specific SLR adaptation measures in either their adaptation strategies or marine spatial plans. Regarding SLR governance challenges, key examples for how these are being addressed include approaches for incorporating flexibility into coastal planning, e.g., Dynamic Adaptation Pathways in the Netherlands, or dike crest widening in Germany, as well as, co-development of nature-based adaptation solutions in Italy. Examples for addressing equity and social vulnerability challenges include the emerging issue of climate ligation illustrated through several court cases on liability of major carbon emitters for SLR-related damages.

Publisher's note: Copernicus Publications remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims made in the text, published maps, institutional affiliations, or any other geographical representation in this preprint. The responsibility to include appropriate place names lies with the authors.
Alexander Bisaro, Giulia Galluccio, Elisa Fiorini Beckhauser, Claudia Romagnoli, Sadie McEvoy, Eugenio Sini, Fulvio Biddau, Ruben David, Floortje d’Hont, Gonéri Le Cozannet, Begoña Pérez Gómez, Antonio Góngora Zurro, and Jill Slinger

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on sp-2023-37', Anonymous Referee #1, 30 Jan 2024
    • EC1: 'Reply on RC1', Kate Larkin, 12 Mar 2024
      • AC1: 'Reply on EC1', Giulia Galluccio, 04 Apr 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on sp-2023-37', Poppy Kalesi, 12 Mar 2024
    • EC2: 'Reply on RC2', Kate Larkin, 12 Mar 2024
      • AC2: 'Reply on EC2', Giulia Galluccio, 04 Apr 2024
  • RC3: 'Comment on sp-2023-37', Anonymous Referee #3, 12 Mar 2024
    • EC3: 'Reply on RC3', Kate Larkin, 12 Mar 2024
      • AC3: 'Reply on EC3', Giulia Galluccio, 04 Apr 2024
  • EC4: 'Comment on sp-2023-37', Kate Larkin, 13 Mar 2024
    • AC4: 'Reply on EC4', Giulia Galluccio, 04 Apr 2024
  • RC4: 'Comment on sp-2023-37', Anonymous Referee #4, 14 Mar 2024
    • EC5: 'Reply on RC4', Kate Larkin, 14 Mar 2024
      • AC5: 'Reply on EC5', Giulia Galluccio, 04 Apr 2024
  • EC6: 'Comment on sp-2023-37 April 2024 version', Kate Larkin, 22 Apr 2024

Status: closed

Comment types: AC – author | RC – referee | CC – community | EC – editor | CEC – chief editor | : Report abuse
  • RC1: 'Comment on sp-2023-37', Anonymous Referee #1, 30 Jan 2024
    • EC1: 'Reply on RC1', Kate Larkin, 12 Mar 2024
      • AC1: 'Reply on EC1', Giulia Galluccio, 04 Apr 2024
  • RC2: 'Comment on sp-2023-37', Poppy Kalesi, 12 Mar 2024
    • EC2: 'Reply on RC2', Kate Larkin, 12 Mar 2024
      • AC2: 'Reply on EC2', Giulia Galluccio, 04 Apr 2024
  • RC3: 'Comment on sp-2023-37', Anonymous Referee #3, 12 Mar 2024
    • EC3: 'Reply on RC3', Kate Larkin, 12 Mar 2024
      • AC3: 'Reply on EC3', Giulia Galluccio, 04 Apr 2024
  • EC4: 'Comment on sp-2023-37', Kate Larkin, 13 Mar 2024
    • AC4: 'Reply on EC4', Giulia Galluccio, 04 Apr 2024
  • RC4: 'Comment on sp-2023-37', Anonymous Referee #4, 14 Mar 2024
    • EC5: 'Reply on RC4', Kate Larkin, 14 Mar 2024
      • AC5: 'Reply on EC5', Giulia Galluccio, 04 Apr 2024
  • EC6: 'Comment on sp-2023-37 April 2024 version', Kate Larkin, 22 Apr 2024
Alexander Bisaro, Giulia Galluccio, Elisa Fiorini Beckhauser, Claudia Romagnoli, Sadie McEvoy, Eugenio Sini, Fulvio Biddau, Ruben David, Floortje d’Hont, Gonéri Le Cozannet, Begoña Pérez Gómez, Antonio Góngora Zurro, and Jill Slinger
Alexander Bisaro, Giulia Galluccio, Elisa Fiorini Beckhauser, Claudia Romagnoli, Sadie McEvoy, Eugenio Sini, Fulvio Biddau, Ruben David, Floortje d’Hont, Gonéri Le Cozannet, Begoña Pérez Gómez, Antonio Góngora Zurro, and Jill Slinger

Viewed

Total article views: 682 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
490 150 42 682 11 9
  • HTML: 490
  • PDF: 150
  • XML: 42
  • Total: 682
  • BibTeX: 11
  • EndNote: 9
Views and downloads (calculated since 09 Jan 2024)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 09 Jan 2024)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 656 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 656 with geography defined and 0 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 
Latest update: 27 May 2024
Download
Short summary
This paper assesses coastal adaptation governance by examining socio-economic and political contexts, reviewing policy frameworks, and identifying challenges. Results demonstrate that regional and basin-scale frameworks lack SLR provisions, but significant national progress is observed. Main governance challenges are time horizon and uncertainty, coordination, and social vulnerability. These, however, can addressed if flexible planning and nature-based solutions are implemented.
Altmetrics